To make CBD oil, one must start with CBD-rich plant material. There are several ways to extract CBD oil from cannabis. Each method has its pros and cons. Some are safer and more effective than others.
After it is extracted from the plant and the solvent is removed, the CBD oil may be refined and formulated into a variety of consumable products – edibles, tinctures, gel caps, vape oil cartridges, topicals, beverages, and more.
The purpose of an extraction is to make CBD and other beneficial components of the plant (such as terpenes) available in a highly concentrated form. Because cannabinoids are oily by nature, separating CBD from the plant material will produce a thick, potent oil. The texture and purity of the oil depend largely on the method used to extract it.
CBD and the other plant cannabinoids are chemically classified as “terpenophenolic” compounds. To the non-scientists among us, this means that CBD is soluble in both oil and alcohol. Thus, the process of extracting CBD oil from cannabis often entails the use of a solvent that’s good at dissolving an oil or an alcohol-based compound. Solvents that are commonly used to extract CBD from cannabis include supercritical CO2, ethanol, hydrocarbons (such as butane) and olive oil.
Cannabinoids are sticky, waxy chemicals. They like to mix with oil, not water. There are, however, several ways to get cannabinoids to dissolve in water, allowing for products like CBD-infused and THC-infused beverages. But the research in this area is limited. The processes that make cannabinoids soluble in water may also make it easier for your body to absorb THC and CBD. This means that such products will have a quicker onset compared to an edible (as quick as 20 minutes) and the dose may be stronger over a shorter period.
The process of solubilizing CBD and/or THC can reverse over time, so groups developing water-soluble formulations need to ensure the stability of their product. Overall, ingesting water-soluble cannabinoids should not be much different than ingesting an edible, though the former may turn out to be faster acting and a bit more potent.
How we do it
Absorption is key. We use an all-natural fermentation process that converts hemp oil into water without the use of surfactants, emulsifiers, or any other non-food grade substances.
We are not hiding oil in water; the oil becomes the water. What does this mean? Because our solution is the water, they absorb into the body like water. In turn, avoiding first pass metabolism (how we break down food substance during digestion) creating up to 10x greater bioavailability than consuming oil extracts.
Our solution is naturally preserved meaning no need to worry about yeast, molds, or contamination.